Abortion has been legal in India since 1971 according to the Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) Act.1 Both medical and surgical abortion services are available in India. Abortion services in India can range from INR 1,000 or above INR 10,000.
Abortion is legal in India up to 20 weeks of pregnancy. The opinion of one Registered Medical Practitioner (RMP) is required for pregnancies up to 12 weeks and of two RMPs for pregnancies exceeding 12 weeks, but less than 20 weeks.
A pregnancy can be terminated by a Registered Medical Practitioner if:
India provides both medical as well as surgical abortion services. For Medical Abortion (MA), a combination of Mifepristone and Misoprostol is often used; misoprostol only regimens are less common. Surgical procedures that are available include: Manual Vacuum Aspiration (MVA), electric vacuum aspiration (EVA) and Dilation and Evacuation (D&E).
Only obstetrician-gynecologists and other doctors who have undergone a government-approved training and certification can provide legal abortion services. Government approved public health facilities can provide abortions as long as the provider is certified in abortion services. In the private sector, abortion services can only be provided in government approved health facilities if doctor providing this service has been trained at a hospital or approved training centre.
Safe and legal abortion in India can be performed at:
The price of an abortion in India depends on the type of abortion as well as the provider. At government or public health facilities in India, all abortion services are free. In the private sector, services can range from INR 1,000 to above INR 10,000.
The commonly available abortion pills in India are a combination of Misoprostol and Mifepristone which is sold under different brand names that include, Safe-T kit, MIFEGEST Kit, MTP Kit among others.
Both Mifepristone and Misoprostol are registered under India’s National List of Essential Medicines and governed by the government price control. We have more information on Misoprostol and Mifepristone usage here.
Pharmacists are allowed to dispense abortion pills against a valid prescription by a provider in India.
There are various abortion pill brands in India. Widely available ones include Safe-T Kit.
This is what MIFEGEST Kit abortion pills looks like:
This is what Syn-Bort abortion pills looks like
This is what Unwanted Kit abortion pills looks like
This is what Cipla Mifepristone and Misoprostol (Cipla MTP kit) looks like: